Today, it has become common for women to complain about issues like infertility, hair growth, and irregular menstrual cycle. These symptoms are commonly associated with Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS for short, a medical condition that typically affects women reaching reproductive age. There are several causes of PCOS, and the treatments also vary. Here we’ll cover everything you need to know about PCOS.
What is PCOS?
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a hormonal imbalance where the ovaries release excess male hormones. In this condition, ovaries release greater levels of androgens, causing an imbalance of hormones. With PCOS, the ovaries develop small follicles, fluid collections, that hinder the process of regular egg releases.
PCOS; The Symptoms
Women who suffer from PCOS may start seeing some symptoms early on. Some of these symptoms include.
- Irregular Periods
- Hirsutism, excess growth of hair
- Heavy bleeding
- Skin Darkening
- Male patterns of baldness
- Weight gain
- Irregular periods
Causes of PCOS
While the exact causes of PCOS aren’t yet clear, several factors may contribute. The main of these are enlisted below.
1. Luteinising Hormone
LH is present in the brain and produced by the pituitary gland. This hormone may be responsible for stimulating the ovaries to work with insulin and increase testosterone production.
2. Resistance to Insulin
PCOS can also be caused because of insulin resistance as cells in the body become resistant to regular insulin levels. Hence more insulin is produced to regulate sugar levels. Increased insulin production with high LH levels produces more testosterone leading to period issues and a higher risk of infertility.
It is believed that PCOS may be genetics; it runs in the family. While it isn’t yet clear, some believe genetics to be a factor.
While obesity isn’t directly a cause of PCOS, being overweight can worsen insulin resistance, thus increasing insulin levels.
How is PCOS Treated?
The treatment of PCOS depends on several factors, including your health, age, symptoms, and if you want to become pregnant ahead.
If you plan to get pregnant ahead, you may be advised a healthy diet plan and more physical activity to help reduce weight. The doctor may advise you to take medicines like Ovasitol in Pakistan to help normal egg release. Ovasitol is a great choice to treat PCOS.
If your plan to not become pregnant, your doctor may suggest birth control pills and medicines for diabetes. Moreover, a healthy diet along with physical activity also helps with PCOS. Finally, symptoms like acne and hair growth are also treated with medicines.
While PCOS is a common medical condition many women face, treatment and healthier lifestyle changes are possible. These often work well in treating these conditions.